6 peer responses due in 24 hours Each set of 2 responses will have its own instructions. Respond to at least two of your classmates

6 peer responses due in 24 hours Each set of 2 responses will have its own instructions. Respond to at least two of your classmates TAMMY’S POST: The differences between mandatory, aspirational, principle and virtue ethics are paramount to ethical practice. The comprehension and implementation of the spheres of each allow for adhesion to policy and a sense of professionalism. “General Principles, as opposed to Ethical Standards, are aspirational in nature. Their intent is to guide and inspire psychologists toward the very highest ethical ideals of the profession. General Principles, in contrast to Ethical Standards, do not represent obligations and should not form the basis for imposing sanctions. Relying upon General Principles for either of these reasons distorts both their meaning and purpose”. (American Psychological Association, 2017) The literature and the doctrine parameters cause uncertainty due to the conflictual environment and obligations. Questions of conflict about perceptual tension, as an example in (2006) are between an attorney’s zeal or client autonomy within the judicial system relationships in contrast to the Social Services scope of interests of humanity and social justice. Since the adaption of roles and environments tend to adjust, concern if responsibility sways in the contention of the differences. Social services render a larger and more diverse “moral community” and their sustainability stemming from virtue. The judicial system attends to the political policy and rules governing lawful adherence versus deviance. Another spectrum is mandatory reporting obligations which are said to be more profound when ethics pursue and in the collaboration still clash. An issue is an act of ethics versus the ‘command’ according to an agency (Anderson, Barenberg, & Tremblay, 2006. p. 663). The general principles of the APA are considered aspirational. Simultaneously, therapists, psychologists, and psychiatrists, and similar social services are mandated in the ethical codes of conduct to act in the betterment and safety of others, especially those deemed incompetent or incapacitated to do so. The difference between principle ethics and virtue ethics splits by social normative and subjectivity. Social normative are more definite by culture but still universal and often mandatory. For instance, law-abiding and humane acts from avoiding reckless driving, speeding, or operating under the influence of obligatory care of the elderly, a child, or the disability are mandatory. Virtue ethics are less objective and more diverse to demographics and ethnography. Like integrity, it is a matter of right and wrong based on habits, behaviors rooted in one’s upbringing. For example, seeing someone drop money instead of keeping it is returned to the person seen dropping it. Another example may be more controversial, like abortion. Some believe a fetus is not a life until it sustains independently, whereas others adamantly believe it is murder. I feel the APA’s A-E of ethics applies to my position (American Psychological Association, 2017). How I approach and follow through each case encompasses various principles, ethics, morals, and virtues. According to virtue, the question is not right and wrong, but how am I a person (Velasquez, André, Shanks, & Meyer, 1988). For my position, my set of virtues is not employed in the essence of personal biases and beliefs. 1. Beneficence and Nonmaleficence In my profession, I cross cases of people I know or know of. Some I may not particularly care for. No matter my relationship with the person, I must serve the individual or their family in respect of their need and not allow any personal feelings to render ill will. Home composition, family dynamics, and lifestyles influence case eligibility; however, my decisions in each case must adhere to federal and state standards in determinations. 1. Fidelity and Responsibility I must perform investigative and thorough eligibility decisions with a sense of honor and purpose under federal and state standards to protect the interests of each agency I represent and those I assist or that my division and agency. These agencies include CIS (Central Immigration Services), SSA (Social Security Administration), VStats (Vital Records and Statistics), CSE (Paternity and Child Support Enforcement), DMV (Department of Motor Vehicles), Protective Services for the Elderly and Disables, Child Protective Services, and many more that serve our nation. The information is restricted, confidential, and intimate in many cases, thus handling the utmost regard. 1. Integrity Since I am entrusted with detailed and pertinent information, I hold the respect and consideration of millions of families the State of Nebraska serves. Each individual or family has dynamics that should not be judged and handled under policies that are tedious and, at times, questionable. I also encounter cases where domestic violence, abuse, human trafficking, and addiction and incarceration are factors. Whether a person is a transient, inpatient rehabilitation patient or single father, I must protect them also. The re are processes that must be followed regarding HIPAA and restriction of case entry. 1. Justice I have to be prepared to do the right thing at all times. Suppose I suspect fraud, abuse, or misuse of federal or state provisions and funding, I am mandated to report the suspicion(s). I additionally must protect the interest of the person or people within a case, including reports of abandonment, neglect, or abuse to an immediate supervisor and agency. Likewise, should I fail to uphold the policy of deliberately cause harm diligently, there are severe repercussions against my person, team, and division. The slightest error in policy narrative is costly to funding or perception of behaviors can misconstrue a malicious intent or act of discrimination. 1. Respect for People’s Rights and Dignity The population I serve is diverse. In Nebraska, there is an evident prominence of white Americans. A strong presence of native Americans and refugees from Bhutan is also acknowledged. Nebraska boasts research centers, medical facilities, and universities in opposition to massive agriculture spanning. DHHS is a more democratic associated agency contrary to Nebraska being a red state in support of Republicans. The respect for the universal rights of a person and to do so with dignity is crucial regardless of ethnicity, race, education, or status. The bottom line comes to ‘anchoring’ and balancing the legal obligation of mandates and governing and overall moral and virtuous ethics deemed principles regardless of a belief system. The equilibrium is sorted within the integration of all social determinants, and normative without discrimination leads to legal reprimands from marginalization, oppression due to disparity and social immobility, or questionable character since the servitude and audience is a broad one. References American Psychological Association. (2017). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, Including 2010 and 2016 Amendments [Web page]. Retrieved from Anderson, A., Barenberg, L., & Tremblay, P. R. (2006). Professional ethics in interdisciplinary collaboratives: Zeal, paternalism and mandated reporting. . 659-718. Velasquez, M., André, C., Shanks, T. S. J., & Meyer, M. J. (1988, January 1).  Ethics and Virtue [Web page]. Retrieved from KORIE’S POST: What are the differences between principle ethics and virtue ethics? Ethics is supposed to provide us with “moral principles” or universal rules that tell us what to do. According to “virtue ethics”, there are certain ideals, such as excellence or dedication to the common good, toward which we should strive and which allow the full development of our humanity. These ideals are discovered through thoughtful reflection on what we as human beings have the potential to become. “Virtues” are attitudes, dispositions, or character traits that enable us to be and to act in ways that develop this potential. They enable us to pursue the ideals we have adopted. Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence are all examples of virtues. Let’s start with a basic definition: ethical principles are universal standards of right and wrong prescribing the kind of behavior an ethical company or person should and should not engage in. These principles provide a guide to making decisions but they also establish the criteria by which your decisions will be judged by others. Which type or types of ethics are represented in your profession? In my profession we as the medical professinals will use principle ethics with our patinets. In my career of choice I will use principle ethics as well to the children and teens with thier dilemmas or issues. I would think that the children and teens would use virture ethics due to the fact that need to see a counselor. I am not saying that all will use virture as some will use principle ethics and not care about the outcome. https://www.scu.edu/ethics/ethics-resources/ethical-decision-making/ethics-and-virtue/ www.standardizations.org/bulletin/?p=133 Respond to at least two of your peers as if you were the administrator. As the administrator, explain what you like about their choices. What would you like them to change? Give at least two additional suggestions to enhance their suggestions. BRITTNEY’S POST: For this week’s discussion I have chosen to focus on physical space. My work area is the playroom in my home because I am not planning to become a teacher. I am planning to open my own in-home daycare. The three factors that I consider when I am arranging the physical environment of my playroom are: 1. Making sure that most of the toys are on shelves where children can easily see and get to them rather than in toy bins or a toy box. In our playroom most of the small toys are set up on a cube shelf organizer with 6 shelves. I believe that having most toys where a child can easily see them can the children not feel frustrated or overwhelmed when they cannot find a specific toy they want. 2. Making sure that the room is always organized by section. For example, in our playroom we have a reading area complete with a bookshelf and marshmallow couch, bin of stuffed animals, drama area complete with costumes and kitchen, and finally we have a table with four chairs for arts & crafts or snack time. 3. Finally, making sure that the playroom is always clean, and toys are put away is essential. By making sure that the playroom is always clean, and toys are put away it can keep the children safe. If toys are every where it becomes a safety hazard. Children can trip and knock their head off a shelf, and no one wants that. All of these factors for a playroom environment can prevent challenging behaviors by ensuring a child will not get frustrated by a messy and unorganized playroom. A child could also be confused if there are kitchen toys organized near the reading area or books in the play kitchen’s fridge. By keeping the playroom clean and organized can prevent confusion, frustration, irritability, and from the children tripping, falling and hurting themselves. NIKKI’S POST: The three factors to consider when arranging the physical environment of a classroom are avoiding wide open or long narrow spaces that encourage running indoors, limit the number of children who can play in an area, minimize obstacle and other hazards and ensure visibility. Avoiding wide open or long narrow spaces that encourage running indoors  by arranging the classroom with the high traffic area (like block area) far away from the quiet area(like library) will the flow of the room. Using shelves to divide a large space with the different areas of library, cozy area, block , table toys and art. This will all walking feet in the classroom. Limit the number of children who can play in an area will cause less disagreements.  The teacher can also put certain children in each area that can the child that has behavior issues.  They can learn through play and role model from each other. Minimizing obstacle and other hazards and ensure visibility can the flow of the classroom.  By using low shelving to divide the room into the different area This can make it easier for the teacher to see the children with out disrupting them.  The safety of the children is not being compromised.  The teacher can position her self in the classroom so she has sight and sound of  each child.  Having safety mirrors can assist the teacher in areas where it’s hard to see or a blind spot. Reference Setting up your classroom to prevent challenging behaviors P. 44 Respond to at least two of your peers. Review their chosen strategies and lessons and give an example of how they can use motivation in each lesson to inspire their students. IMEENA’S POST: The strategies that I chose would be; Providing choice and Shaking it up. Providing choice is a strategy that allows children to make up their own choices and direct their own way of spending time. Shaking it up refers to having more activities with the children that require them to move around and become more active. This link explains more about physical activity and how it keeps children more focused, . The idea of using the Shaking It Off strategy is to build a community with other classmates, letting them become friends and preventing any sort of challenging behaviors because the child would constantly be moving around. While any child could come from a different background, having them do physical activities would be a universal language, as many understand physical movement. For those with special needs, there would still be alternatives to any physical activity, even if small. As stated by Kaiser & Sklar Rasminsky (2017), “boys in particular benefit from high-activity, full body learning,such as beginning the day with very active play” (page 8.4). The Providing Choice strategy would prevent challenging behaviors because giving children the choice to do as they would want during an activity give them the influence to stay focus and want to do more. The best way to explain it is in this link Children that have challenging behaviors and do not really like the idea of sitting around for too long, may also have other choices such as drawing or writing, etc. Even though some may take advantage of keeping up a negative behavior to continue to do as they want as a reward, there would still be some strict guidelines that would need to be presented to the child to them understand that they could only choose what is available, as long as they didn’t disturb the others. Even if a child o a different diversity feels uncomfortable with the current lesson, they may go off and do something else, but still come back later to continue, which then comes down to me having a plan for the children that would come back later for the lesson plan. Children with varying abilities also have the choice as they wish. Feeling comfortable would be my most important factor for any child, so having the choice out of the options given to them is still a factor. References Kaiser, B., & Sklar Rasminsky, J. (2017). (4th ed.). Retrieved from Scholastic. (n.d) Retrieved from Nelson, E. (2019). . Retrieved from KIYANA’S POST One strategy to minimize challenging behavior would be to incorporate group learning into the lesson plan. By having all the students participating in the lesson, everyone will feel involved and open to having as much fun as possible without feeling left out to become distracted. This lesson s children to become hands on in the group and provide an opportunity for them to also move around without sitting in one spot for two long. I believe this lesson also introudces them to how animals survive in the desert and open up their minds to these desert animals and reptiles as well. By being able to collect food and experimenting, students can get more involved by putting their selves into the situation and think about how they will survive in the desert and what foods would they would eat that gives them water. I like the idea that they can listen to the magic school bus story and learn more about Arnold’s troubles. This lesson would be great for getting the children outside and out of the classroom for a while to participate in the activities. Since a lot of times the problems we have in the classroom stem from the time children are required to sit still, the pickle project would give students a chance to get outdoors and stretch their legs while also being able to move around the classroom and interact with each other to discuss the differences between the warm and cold bread. It offers some great insight as well on the spoiling process of food and how bacteria forms. While neither boasts much diversity, it does offer varying abilities such as the desert also the process of bacteria. Children need a variety of experiments and activities to keep them invested, otherwise they will grow restless and become easily distracted and more prone to acting out and being disruptive. Reference Kaiser, B., & Sklar Rasminsky, J. (2017). Challenging behavior in young children: Understanding, preventing, and responding effectively (4th ed.). Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu

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