Paper Writing Services may be appealed to a gher court [removed] are final and may not be appealed (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.03

Abstract
process of judicial review is to [removed] ensure that federal court judges have proper qualifications [removed] force court judges to justify case decisions in written form [removed] preserve the intentions of the framers of the Constitution [removed] monitor changes in society occurring through new laws (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.04 MC) The

The Constitution distributes all the powers of the central government [removed] between the president, vice president, and advisors [removed] between the Senate and the House of Representatives [removed] between Congress, the president, and the courts [removed] among the Supreme Court, president, and state courts (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.02 MC)  When lawmakers compare multiple potential public policy solutions, they [removed] focus on minimizing costs wle maximizing the benefits [removed] by law are required to choose the least-expensive solution [removed] require unanimous approval before selecting one to pursue [removed] will choose the most costly solution to maximize the budget (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 LC)  Decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court [removed] prevent legislation from proceeding [removed] require federal legislation changes [removed] may be appealed to a gher court [removed] are final and may not be appealed (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.03 MC)  “The proposed Constitution divides the powers of government equally between the central government and the state governments.” Wch of the following best describes ts quote? [removed] It represents the perspective of a Federalist, arguing for a strong centralized government. [removed] It represents the perspective of a Federalist, arguing for a weak centralized government. [removed] It represents the perspective of an Anti-Federalist, arguing for a strong central government. [removed] It represents the perspective of a Anti-Federalist, arguing for a weak central government. (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC)  © 2012 FLVS People involved in cases that are accepted by the U.S. Supreme Court [removed] must travel to the U.S. Court of Appeals for their circuit [removed] must travel to Wasngton D.C. to present their cases [removed] present their cases in the closest U.S. Circuit Court [removed] present their cases in the state court of last resort (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC)  The purpose of the length of the term for a U.S. Supreme Court justice is to [removed] encourage decisions based on the will of the majority of the people [removed] discourage consultation with judges who serve in other court levels [removed] require consultation with the executive and legislature on major cases [removed] prevent decisions based on the pressures of maintaining elected office (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.06 MC)  Wch foreign policy position is reflected in the working relationsp between the United States and Mexico to fight the illegal drug trade? [removed] imperialism [removed] isolationism [removed] interventionism [removed] internationalism (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 3.06 MC)  © 2012 FLVS According to ts map depicting the results of the 2000 election, winning the [removed] South and midwest electoral college votes allowed Bush to win [removed] states with the three most electoral college votes enabled Bush to win [removed] states with the most electoral college votes enabled Gore to win [removed] East and West Coast electoral college votes enabled Gore to win (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.02 MC)  Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, wch is not by ts Confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.”– Wch of the following principles of American democracy does ts quote best represent? [removed] social contract [removed] natural rights [removed] federalism [removed] rule of law (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 01.02 MC)  The purpose of the naturalization process is to provide a means for [removed] law enforcement to identify non-citizens illegally living and working in the country [removed] non-citizens to become legal citizens with all related rights and responsibilities [removed] citizens by birth to establish citizensp for their cldren born elsewhere [removed] illegal aliens to receive permission to work in the country temporarily (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 MC)  © 2012 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Wch of the following makes a true statement about the relationsp between GDP and democratization? [removed] GDP and democratization tend to rise and fall together. You would expect most countries in North America to have lower levels of democracy than those of Asia. [removed] GDP and democratization tend to rise and fall together. You would expect most countries in North American to have greater levels of democracy than those of Asia. [removed] As GDP decreases, democratization tends to increase, and vice versa. You would expect most countries in North America to have lower levels of democracy than those of Asia. [removed] As GDP decreases, democratization tends to increase, and vice versa. You would expect most countries in North American to have greater levels of democracy than those of Asia. (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC)  In contrast with other federal officials, a judge [removed] has set term limits for time in office [removed] meets the president to discuss cases [removed] does not base decisions on majority will [removed] accepts advice from special interest groups (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC)  Sue and Tim are arguing about the value of appointing rather than electing federal judges. Sue says the judges should be elected. Wch of the following statements supports her position? [removed] Judges in most federal court positions are elected so it should be the same way at the state and local level as well. [removed] Judges are representatives of the people in government just like other officials and should represent majority will. [removed] Judges who are elected will make their decisions in isolation from people’s opinion and perform better as a result. [removed] Judges that consult with other federal officials on the will of the people do not consider the law in their decisions. (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 MC)  © 2012 FLVS According to ts map, wch of the following countries is most likely to have policies and regulations related to the production and consumption of coal? [removed] Guatemala [removed] Madagascar [removed] Saudi Arabia [removed] United States (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.01 MC)  Wch of the following quotes best reflects the principle of limited government in the Declaration of Independence? [removed] “For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury.” [removed] “He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected.” [removed] “A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act wch may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.” [removed] “All men…are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.01 MC)  “The story of the present King of Great Britain is a story of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States.”– The “injuries and usurpations” described in ts quote are the colonists’ [removed] proof that the king violated the principles of limited government, social contract, and natural rights [removed] descriptions of actions that follow the principles of limited government, social contract, and natural rights [removed] reasons they should have representation in Britain under the principles of popular sovereignty and individual rights [removed] arguments for why they would rather not separate from Britain under the principles of popular sovereignty and individual rights (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.03 LC)  A bureaucratic organization that functions mostly without executive or legislative control is known as [removed] an independent regulatory agency [removed] an executive cabinet department [removed] a federal regulation commission [removed] a legislative cabinet section (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.05 MC)  Wch of the following best explains why people do not have unlimited First Amendment rights? [removed] It is inappropriate to criticize or condemn elected government officials. [removed] Leaders worth following would be drowned out by meaningless speech. [removed] Certain types of speech could infringe on others’ rights or public safety. [removed] The government would be ineffective, weighed down by citizen requests. (Multiple Choice Worth 4 points) (Citizensp 02.05 HC)  “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or tngs to be seized.” Wch of the following possible court cases could be argued under the terms of the quote above? [removed] a person sues the state for building an armory on nearby property [removed] a person refuses to serve the military when called up through a draft [removed] a person shoots and kills someone who broke into the family’s home [removed] a person rejects police requests to unlock the car doors and windows (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 01.01 LC)  The idea of the social contract is that a government is only legitimate if it has [removed] limited rights for the governed [removed] restrictions on democracy [removed] consent of the governed [removed] indirect democracy (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 01.01 LC)  In an indirect democracy, major laws and rules are made by [removed] majority vote of the people [removed] the top executive official [removed] elected representatives [removed] state-level executives (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.06 MC)  © 2012 FLVS According to ts graph, eligible voters are most likely to vote in [removed] midterm elections, and their turnout has increased in the last election [removed] midterm elections, and their turnout has decreased in the last election [removed] presidential elections, and their turnout has increased in the last election [removed] presidential elections, and their turnout has decreased in the last election (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.04 MC)  Wch of the following cases ruled that segregation laws were acceptable and was later overturned through court decisions and legislation? [removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.04 MC)  Setting up courts is an example of [removed] a concurrent power [removed] a delegated power [removed] an exclusive power [removed] an inherent power (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC)  The minority opinion of a decided case [removed] is the official explanation for the final ruling that will apply to the case [removed] is unnecessary unless the power of judicial review has been employed [removed] expresses the justification for a dissenting opinion of one or more judges [removed] supports the ruling of the majority but rationalizes it with different reasons (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC)  One purpose of the process of judicial review is to [removed] ensure that federal court judges have proper qualifications [removed] force court judges to justify case decisions in written form [removed] preserve the intentions of the framers of the Constitution [removed] monitor changes in society occurring through new laws (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.04 MC)  The 14th amendment has continued to extend civil liberties because the [removed] state governments have used their own amendment processes to add its language to their state constitutions [removed] state governments have used the powers of legislation and policy making to circumvent the rights of citizens [removed] courts and lawmakers continue to further refine and restrict the definitions of legal citizensp and residency [removed] courts have interpreted it in many cases to mean that state governments must also guarantee certain rights (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.02 MC)  The U.S. Constitution is based on several principles of American democracy. Is the principle “separation of powers” among those evident in the document? [removed] No, it is absent because the president determines the power and authority of the people. [removed] Yes, it is reflected because the amendments list the powers given to the individual people. [removed] No, it is missing because government power is concentrated in one branch of government. [removed] Yes, it is shown because the first three articles describe the three branches of government. (Multiple Choice Worth 4 points) (Policy and Elections 03.05 HC)  “Our aim is a democratic peace, a peace founded upon the dignity and rights of every man and woman.” The image below represents Theodore Roosevelt, president from 1901 to 1909, known for the phrase “speak softly and carry a big stick.” Wch of the following is a valid statement about the artist’s judgment in the image compared to the quote? Address © 2012 Jupiterimages Corporation [removed] President Roosevelt was a much tougher leader than President Bush, who clearly was unwilling to go to war. [removed] President Bush was a much tougher leader than President Roosevelt, who clearly was unwilling to go to war. [removed] President Roosevelt was willing to trample on human rights to win wars, wle President Bush would not. [removed] President Bush was willing to trample on human rights to win wars, wle President Roosevelt would not. (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 LC)  A country with a government described as an oligarchy would [removed] be run by a small group of leaders with similar political views [removed] conduct regular elections to select representative officials [removed] have a single ruler who may be a monarch or dictator [removed] determine its policies with significant citizen input (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.03 MC)  Wch of the following quotes from the U.S. Constitution describes the requirements to be president? [removed] “a natural born Citizen, have attained to the Age of trty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident witn the United States” [removed] “have attained to the Age of trty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for wch he shall be chosen” [removed] “have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in wch he shall be chosen” [removed] “chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature” (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.03 MC)  “In republican government, the legislative authority necessarily predominates. The remedy for ts inconveniency is to divide the legislature into different branches; and to render them, by different modes of election and different principles of action, as little connected with each other as the nature of their common functions and their common dependence on the society will admit.”– Wch of the following elements of the Constitution is the author defending in ts quote? [removed] creating a federal system of government where states and federal government share power and responsibility [removed] splitting Congress into the Senate and House of Representatives with different structures and functions [removed] determining the process of electing the president to be through a vote of all members of the legislative branch [removed] providing ways for the executive branch and Supreme Court to check the legislative branch’s powers and actions (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.06 MC)  Public Domain Wch of the following is a reasonable conclusion based on the map? [removed] Most states in the Northeast and Midwest decreased in total population, losing representatives. [removed] Most Northeastern and Midwestern states decreased as a portion of the total national population. [removed] Most states in the Northeast and Midwest increased in total population, gaining representatives. [removed] Most Northeastern and Midwestern states increased as a portion of the total national population. (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.05 MC)  Wch of the following is a true statement related to changes in the American media? [removed] As the types of media increase, the information and opportunities for influencing politics increase. [removed] As the types of media decrease, the information and opportunities for influencing politics increase. [removed] As the types of media increase, the information and opportunities for influencing politics decrease. [removed] As the types of media decrease, the information and opportunities for influencing politics decrease. (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.05 MC)  You watch a criminal trial on television where the suspect never takes the stand in defense. Suspects have that right under the [removed] First Amendment [removed] Fourth Amendment [removed] Fifth Amendment [removed] Seventh Amendment (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 01.01 LC)  Wch of the following is an example of government affecting citizens’ daily lives? [removed] Andy forgets to complete s chores. [removed] Sarah has an argument with her boss. [removed] Julie gets a speeding ticket from police. [removed] Robb volunteers to tutor young students. (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.06 MC)  Events such as the Nanking Massacre and Japanese-American internment [removed] rights heightened concerns regarding the continuation of human rights abuses by developed nations [removed] solidified a country’s right to act to protect its own security [removed] demonstrated regard for the protection of human rights [removed] caused little concern as they were considered isolated incidents (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC)  Wch of the following is true about responsibility in the U.S. Court system? [removed] State courts handle most criminal and civil trials, whereas federal courts address constitutional law and appeals from state courts of last resort. [removed] State courts handle constitutional law, but only the federal courts can make new laws based on their interpretations. [removed] State courts handle appeals from the federal district courts, and federal district courts handle appeals from state courts as a check on the power of the courts. [removed] State courts handle local trial courts and most cases though the federal court has authority to select certain cases to hear. (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC)  Wch of the following types of cases would have to begin in a state-level court? [removed] disputes over interpretation of the Constitution [removed] disputes related to federal officials wle in office [removed] disputes arising from accidental damage to property [removed] disputes that arise from laws that govern immigration (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 02.04 LC)  A “concurrent” power is [removed] expressed to national and state governments [removed] implied to belong only to state governments [removed] reserved only to the national government [removed] shared by national and state governments (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.01 MC)  What happens if the Senate and House of Representatives pass two different bills on the same topic? [removed] Congress will meet with the president to agree on one or the other bill. [removed] The conference committee will meet and resolve the bills’ differences. [removed] The Senate version of the bill will take precedence and go to the president. [removed] Advisors to the president will meet with the sponsors of the proposed bills. (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.01 MC)  What can the legislative branch do if the president vetoes a bill? [removed] It can override the veto by requiring ratification by three-fourths of the states. [removed] It can override the veto with a two-trds vote of both houses of Congress. [removed] It can appeal the veto to the Supreme Court who can rule the bill into law. [removed] It can request that the president conduct a second review of the bill. (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizensp 01.02 LC)  A citizen was [removed] given status by blood relation [removed] born on the country’s territory [removed] adopted from a foreign country [removed] naturalized through that process (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.04 MC)  One way individuals can increase their individual influence on public policy is to [removed] volunteer to work at the polls and record votes for an election [removed] attend meetings of local government councils and committees [removed] become an active member of a political party or interest group [removed] follow the laws and report those who violate them to authorities (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.04 MC)  Andres made an appointment to meet with a representative from s district. He wants to request funding on behalf of a local parents and students’ group to build a baseball field at the county park. Andres’ acted as a lobbyist for a [removed] special interest group [removed] labor union [removed] political action committee [removed] political party (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Policy and Elections 03.05 MC)  © 2012 Jupiterimages Corporation Ts image represents Theodore Roosevelt, president from 1901 to 1909, known for the phrase “speak softly and carry a big stick.” Wch of the following is a valid evaluation of the artist’s political message? [removed] The artist omits a name on the person to disguise that the image is an attack on the president’s policies. [removed] The artist uses a dove to appeal to people’s sense of justice and peace to say that the president is a bully. [removed] The artist has a bias for the president and shows that he is tough on enemies that would attack the country. [removed] The artist expresses the president’s enjoyment of bird hunting when he is on vacation from s official duties.

Sample references
  • (‘Guan, B., and S. Nigam. 2009. Analysis of Atlantic SST variability factoring inter-basin links and the secular trend: Clarified structure of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Journal of Climate 22(15):4228-4240.’,)
  • (‘Currie, L. M. (2006). Fall and injury prevention. Annual Review of Nursing Research,24(1), 39-74.’,)
  • (‘Joughin, I., S. Tulaczyk, R. Bindschadler, and S. F. Price. 2002. Changes in west Antarctic ice stream velocities: Observation and analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 107(B11).’,)
  • (‘Chhatre, A., and A. Agrawal. 2008. Forest commons and local enforcement. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105(36):13286-13291.’,)

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