Paper Writing Services that employees have little ambition, dislike work, and avoid responsibility. 5) _______ A) Self actualization Need Theory B) Theory Y C) Theory

Abstract
John’s performance might be influenced by the ________ part of Vroom’s expectancy theory. 21) ______ A) effort reward linkage B) effort performance linkage C) attractiveness D) performance reward linkage 22) Expectancy theory and goal setting theory align well with American workers because American culture places a strong emphasis on ________. 22) ______ A) collectivism and acevement B) low

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Wch element of motivation is a measure of intensity or drive? 1) _______ B) direction C) acevement D) persistence 2) Maslow’s theory is a erarchy because ________. 2) _______ A) all needs are important B) needs are always truly satisfied C) all needs are equal D) 3) According to Maslow, a person stranded on a desert island would ________ before he or she worried about making weapons. 3) _______ A) look for other people B) establish s or her status on the island C) start a family Maslow believes that gher order needs ________. 4) _______ A) are satisfied externally B) are satisfied most often C) are satisfied internally D) are satisfied first 5) ________ assumes that employees have little ambition, dislike work, and avoid responsibility. 5) _______ A) Self actualization Need Theory B) Theory Y C) Theory X D) Belongingness Need Theory 6) Workers with a Theory Y point of view would be likely to ________. 6) _______ A) love their job more than the money they make B) just want to collect a paycheck C) avoid work unless rewards were gh D) avoid responsibility for their actions 7) According to Herzberg, wch kind of characteristics are most closely associated with job dissatisfaction? 7) _______ A) lack of advancement B) extrinsic tngs that come from the outside C) the goals of the job D) intrinsic tngs that come from witn themselves 8) According to Herzberg’s Motivation Hygiene theory, ________ are associated with job satisfaction. 8) _______ A) hygiene factors B) punishments C) rewards D) motivators 9) Wch three needs are recognized in McClelland’s three needs theory? 9) _______ A) power, comfort, stimulation B) acevement, power, affiliation C) security, self interest, affiliation D) acevement, power, security 10) Wch of the following suggests that humans have an innate desire for friendly and close interpersonal relationsps? 10) ______ A) need for fulfillment B) need for acevement C) need for power D) need for affiliation 11) Wch is the best summary of goal setting theory? 11) ______ A) Easy goals make for happier employees. B) Specific goals increase performance. C) Always make your goals a bit gher than you can reach. D) Goals make no difference in performance. 12) The job characteristics model (JCM) maintains that ________ is critical to motivating workers. 12) ______ A) how workers are treated B) setting goals C) equal treatment for all D) how jobs are designed 13) The JCM contends that these dimensions are required for a gh level of motivation among workers. Meaningful work refers to works require various skills, clear task identity and significant jobs. 13) ______ A) autonomy, feedback, good management B) meaningful work, autonomy, independence C) meaningful work, autonomy, feedback D) gh pay, autonomy, feedback 14) A theory that suggests that employees compare their inputs and outputs from a job to the ratio of relevant others is known as ________. 14) ______ A) equity theory B) action motivation C) reinforcement theory D) goal setting 15) Equity theory recognizes that individuals are concerned with ________. 15) ______ A) comparing their rewards to those of others B) making enough money to live on C) employers sharing profits D) justice for all people who work 16) In equity theory, a worker’s “self” category compares a person’s outcomes to input ratio with ________. 16) ______ A) the lowest paid worker B) the person’s own standards and expectations C) the standards and expectations of other workers D) the ghest paid worker 17) In equity theory, an underrewarded individual ________ the work he or she does. 17) ______ A) is paid too much for B) is paid fairly for C) does not complain about D) is paid too little for 18) In equity theory, procedural justice is concerned with wch of the following? 18) ______ A) comparing fairness between different organizations B) comparing output to input ratios among individuals C) determining how honest one’s boss is D) determining how fair the system is 19) In expectancy theory, a person may have the ability to reach a certain goal but lack motivation because ________. 19) ______ A) the goal is too hard B) the person’s desire to reach the goal is too strong C) the goal is too easy D) the person has no strong desire to reach the goal 20) The key to expectancy theory is that an individual’s goals ________. 20) ______ A) are not too gh and not too low B) match the rewards provided by the organization C) match the goals of fellow workers and superiors D) are not too gh 21) If salespeople in John’s company meet their sales goals for the month, they are given an all expense paid trip to a Denver Broncos football game. Football is not one of John’s favorite sports, and the Denver Broncos are definitely not John’s favorite team. John’s performance might be influenced by the ________ part of Vroom’s expectancy theory. 21) ______ A) effort reward linkage B) effort performance linkage C) attractiveness D) performance reward linkage 22) Expectancy theory and goal setting theory align well with American workers because American culture places a strong emphasis on ________. 22) ______ A) collectivism and acevement B) low power distance and gh uncertainty avoidance C) individualism and gh power distance D) acevement and individualism 23) ________ allow companies to accommodate the needs of workers with nonstandard family situations. 23) ______ A) Flexible pay rates B) Expanded workweeks and job sharing C) Flextime, compressed workweeks, and job sharing D) Flextime and expanded workweeks 24) Wch of the following is NOT a common way that employee recognition programs recognize worker acevements? 24) ______ A) a party B) added worker responsibilities C) a handwritten note of thanks D) a public announcement of acevement Acme Corporation’s management feels that employees could be more motivated by their jobs. The jobs were enriched earlier and some improvements were seen in motivation. 25) To increase the motivation through enrichment, Acme decides to increase the meaningfulness of the work. Ts might be done by ________. 25) ______ A) giving workers more feedback B) increasing autonomy of workers C) increasing skill variety D) giving workers less feedback 26) Acme managers explained how important their product was to the world economy. Wch core dimension in the job characteristics model is ts? 26) ______ A) skill variety B) task identity C) autonomy D) task significance 27) The Acme managers developed a program that allows the employees to have a large degree of freedom carrying out their jobs. Wch core dimension are they providing? 27) ______ A) task identity B) autonomy C) task significance D) skill variety Three managers work at the Pabco Company. Aaron really “cracks the wp” on s employees and firmly believes in strict controls and punishment for those employees who do not perform to company expectations. Zach has very few controls and believes that as long as people know what their objectives are, they will exercise self control and self direction. Susan has been trying to improve working conditions and manager employee relations to increase the level of productivity in her department. 28) Zach is what type of manager? 28) ______ A) autocratic B) dictatorial C) Theory X oriented D) Theory Y oriented 29) Susan was trying to use what type of Herzberg factors to increase productivity? 29) ______ A) social B) esteem C) hygiene D) motivators 30) Zach was using wch type of Herzberg factors to increase productivity levels? 30) ______ A) B) esteem C) social D) hygiene Essay questions: Please read the case application “Bringing the real world to life — Google searcng for? and answer the following questions: a. Google is doing a lot for its employees, but obviously not enough to retain several of its talented employees. Using what you’ve learned from studying the various motivation theories, what does ts situation tell you about employee motivation? Solution: b. What do you tnk is Google’s biggest challenge in keeping employees motivated? Solution: Talented and educated employees of Google helps in meeting its extraordinary opportunities. c. If you were managing a team of Google employees, how would you keep them motivated? Solution:

Sample references
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