From top, left to right: , , the , the , , the , the , and the at Nicknames: , , , and Interactive

From top, left to right: , , the , the , , the , the , and the at Nicknames: , , , and Interactive map outlining New York City New YorkLocation within the state of New York New YorkLocation within the United States New YorkLocation within North AmericaCoordinates: : ( ) Settled1624 1898 Government • Type • Body • ( )Area • Total468.19 sq mi (1,212.60 km2) • Land300.37 sq mi (777.95 km2) • Water167.82 sq mi (434.65 km2) • Metro13,318 sq mi (34,490 km2)Elevation 33 ft (10 m)Population ( ) • Total8,175,133 • Estimate (2019) 8,336,817 • Rank • Density27,755.25/sq mi (10,716.36/km2) • 19,979,477 ( ) • 22,679,948 ( ) New Yorker ( ) • Summer ( ) ( ) 100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx , , 36-51000 feature ID975772Major airports , , (City, 2019)$884 billion (1st) (Metro, 2020)$1.67 trillion (1st)Largest by area (109 square miles or 280 square kilometres)Largest borough by population (2019 est. 2,559,903) Largest borough by (2019) ($635.3 billion) Website Part of a on ( ), often simply called , is the in the . With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York City is also the major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the , the city is the center of the , the largest in the world by . With almost 20 million people in its and approximately 23 million in its , it is one of the world’s most populous . New York City has been described as the , financial, and media capital of the world, significantly influencing commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports, and is the most photographed city in the world. Home to the , New York is an important center for , and has sometimes been called the . Situated on , New York City is composed of five , each of which is a . The five boroughs— , , , , and —were created when local governments were into a single city in 1898. The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal . As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most diverse city in the world. New York is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016. As of 2019, the New York metropolitan area is estimated to produce a ( ) of $2.0 trillion. If the New York metropolitan area were a , it would have the in the world. New York is home to the highest number of of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded on the southern tip of Island by colonists in 1624. The settlement was named ( : ) in 1626 and was chartered as a city in 1653. The city came under English control in 1664 and was renamed New York after King granted the lands to his brother, the . The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been continuously named New York since November 1674. New York City was the from 1785 until 1790, and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790. The greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and is a symbol of the U.S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity, entrepreneurship, and environmental sustainability, and as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. In 2019, New York was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide, citing its cultural diversity. Many in New York City are well known, including three of the world’s ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013. A record 62.8 million tourists visited New York City in 2017. is the brightly illuminated hub of the , one of the world’s busiest pedestrian intersections, and a major center of the world’s . Many of the city’s landmarks, , and are known around the world. The has become the global standard of reference to describe the height and length of other structures. Manhattan’s real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. Providing continuous 24/7 service and contributing to the , the is the largest single-operator system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. The city has , including , , , and the system, which is the largest urban public university system in the United States. Anchored by in the of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world’s leading and the most financially powerful city in the world, and is home to the world’s two by total , the and

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